Maxwell’s equations are an essential part of classical electromagnetism. They predict the existence of an electric and magnetic field, as well as a speed of light, which is now considered to be a fundamental property of matter.
Maxwell was not just a scientist but he was also an avid reader of both the Bible and English literature, something which he enjoyed greatly. He often recited verbatim lengthy passages from both, and he was an extremely good memory.
In 1865, Maxwell published his first book on the electromagnetic theory of light, which was a major breakthrough at that time. It provided the foundations for the modern study of electricity, and was a significant influence on the development of special relativity.
He also studied the physics of colour perception and developed a theory on how to photograph colours. In fact, his work on the colour of light is considered to be one of the most important discoveries in the history of physics.
During the 19th century, he also made several contributions to thermodynamics and applied it to the study of chemical reactions. This led to the formulation of the so-called Maxwell distribution, a formula that describes how gas molecules move at different temperatures and molar mass.
As a result of his work, Maxwell discovered that it was possible to have electric and magnetic fields in the same physical system. He showed that this could happen if the electric and magnetic fields were rotated about the same direction, and if the amplitudes of the fields were not affected by the distance between them.
The transformation of the fields is called an electromagnetic rotation, and it satisfies Maxwell’s equations: E = DB + H- B, where D is the electric displacement tensor, and H is the magnetic amplitude. The two tensors are covariant, which means that the two forms of the equations are equivalent.
Another key point is that the amplitudes of E and B do not change when they are transformed. This is because the fields are only responsible for the motion of the particles that they are describing, and not for the motion of any other physical object.
In fact, he found that the fields are symmetric about the axis of motion of the particles, and that they obey the familiar wave equation with c as a propagation speed. He interpreted this as a direct evidence that light was an electromagnetic phenomenon.
On the basis of this observation, Maxwell discovered that light was a substance of small density, capable of being set in motion and of transmitting undulations with a high velocity. This is an important discovery because it demonstrated that the laws of physics could be used to describe the behavior of substances that did not behave like solids, such as gases.
As a result of this discovery, it was possible to derive the famous equations that describe the behavior of electromagnetism. These equations are still used today to describe the interaction between electrical and magnetic materials, as well as atomic and molecular systems. tmw maxwell